Q-MAC meetings in 2019:

Regular meetings of the Q-MAC team

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Dieter Jaksch awarded with the 2018 Thomas Young Medal and Prize

for "his contributions to theoretical proposals enabling the study of non-equilibrium quantum many-body dynamics with unprecedented microscopic control in ultra-cold atoms, and establishing them as a quantum technologies platform".

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Publication Detail / Abstract

E. Kozik, M. Ferrero, A. Georges

Nonexistence of the Luttinger-Ward Functional and Misleading Convergence of Skeleton Diagrammatic Series for Hubbard-Like Models

published in PRL on April 15, 2015
> Full text via publisher
The Luttinger-Ward functional Φ[G], which expresses the thermodynamic grand potential in terms of the interacting single-particle Green’s function G, is found to be ill defined for fermionic models with the Hubbard on-site interaction. In particular, we show that the self-energy Σ[G] ∝ δΦ[G]/δG is not a single-valued functional of G: in addition to the physical solution for Σ[G], there exists at least one qualitatively distinct unphysical branch. This result is demonstrated for several models: the Hubbard atom, the Anderson impurity model, and the full two-dimensional Hubbard model. Despite this pathology, the skeleton Feynman diagrammatic series for Σ in terms of G is found to converge at least for moderately low temperatures. However, at strong interactions, its convergence is to the unphysical branch. This reveals a new scenario of breaking down of diagrammatic expansions. In contrast, the bare series in terms of the noninteracting Green’s function G<sub>0</sub> converges to the correct physical branch of Σ in all cases currently accessible by diagrammatic Monte Carlo calculations. In addition to their conceptual importance, these observations have important implications for techniques based on the explicit summation of the diagrammatic series.
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